85155 (original text)
|Subject||[latam] BRAZIL - COUNTRY BRIEF AM 07052011|
|Date||Jul 5, 2011 15:54|
|Released||Mar 13, 2012 09:00|
1)Over the weekend President Rousseff ordered Transport Minister Alfredo
Nascimento to suspend several of his top aides following on the news
magazine Veja claims the officials were charging a 5% kickback fee on
projects coming through the ministry. A statement issued by Rousseff's
office said she a**has confidencea** in Nascimento and that he was
responsible for investigating the problems at the ministry. The president
was scheduled to meet the minister this week to talk about the matter. The
allegations and Rousseff's role in the suspensions could trigger more
friction within the 10 parties that she relies on to pass legislation.
Nascimento's Party of the Republic is small and shouldnA't cause her much
trouble, however, Rousseff's relations with bigger parties such as the
PMDB have frayed due to disputes over budget cuts and appointments to
2)Rousseff expressed concern over situation of Brasiguayos during sideline
meeting with Lugo. This is an issue that the Brazilian govt has been
watching closely. Rousseff said that it is important that Brazil and
Paraguay are on the same page on the fundamental problems of this issue.
3)Brazil will continue to act to restrain the strength of its currency
with intervention in the futures and derivatives markets among its
possible options, said the country's finance minister on Tuesday."The
government will continue to take measures to contain the overvaluation of
exchange rate...We've taken measures on reserve requirements, we can take
measures on derivative and futures. But these are not measures we will
pre-announce," Guido Mantega told reporters in London.
4)China will invest USD 4.5 billion in Brazil's technology sector this
year, as Chinese investment in the Latin American country shifts from
agriculture and mining. Chinese investment is expected to hit USD 9
billion this year, with half of it going into high-tech industries,
Alessandro Teixeira, deputy minister of Brazil's Ministry of Development,
Industry and Foreign Trade, told China Daily.
5)Brazilian poultry exports reached nearly USD 4 billion in the first
half, an increase of 28.5% compared with the same period of last year.
Approximately 2 million tons were shipped, a 6.8% increase using the same
basis of comparison. The information was disclosed by the Brazilian
Poultry Union (Ubabef, in the Portuguese acronym).
6)Hyundai will invest USD 150 million to open factory in Rio, it will be
HyundaiA's first factory outside of Asia.
7)Petrobras, said it has made two oil and natural gas discoveries off the
coast of Espirito Santo state. The finds were located on the ocean floor,
about 1,900 meters under water and 115 kilometers from the coast,
Petrobras said in a press release. They were discovered as a consortium
led by Petrobras was drilling at two wells known as Pe-de-moleque and
Quindim. Petrobas expects oil production in the waters off Espirito Santo
to roughly double by the end of this decade to around
500,000 barrels per day, company officials have said.
8)Brazil gave USD 1.7 million to Paraguayan Army to be part of UN
peacekeeping mission in Haiti, says US cable released by wikileaks. A
Paraguayan official told the US embassy in Paraguay that this money was
given when Paraguayan politicians started complaining about Mercosur and
Itaipu in 2006. The US embassy also said that always when Paraguay starts
complaining, Brazil gives Paraguay money to make them happy.
Tuesday, July 5th 2011 - 06:08 UTC
President Rousseff relations with 10 party coalition remain strained
The six-month old administration of Brazilian President Dilma Rousseffa**s
is again under strain following on her strong character reactions, thus
casting doubts about the passing of her legislative agenda, which is
already considerably delayed.
Over the weekend President Rousseff ordered Transport Minister Alfredo
Nascimento to suspend several of his top aides following on the news
magazine Vejaclaims the officials were charging a 5% kickback fee on
projects coming through the ministry.
A statement issued by Rousseff's office said she a**has confidencea** in
Nascimento and that he was responsible for investigating the problems at
the ministry. The president was scheduled to meet the minister this week
to talk about the matter.
The allegations and Rousseff's role in the suspensions could trigger more
friction within the 10 parties that she relies on to pass legislation.
Nascimento's Party of the Republic is small, but Rousseff's relations with
bigger parties such as the PMDB have frayed due to disputes over budget
cuts and appointments to plum government jobs.
The sour mood in Brasilia, highlighted by the resignation of Rousseff's
chief of staff last month (Antonio Palloci) amid a separate scandal, has
paralyzed key reforms such as an overhaul of the tax code, efforts to
prepare Brazil to host the 2014 World Cup, the controversial forestry bill
and disputes over the release of documents related to Brazila**s recent
Making things more complicated Defence Minister Nelson Jobim, a respected
former magistrate and who held the same post with the administration of
Lula da Silva lamented before a roomful of legislators last week that he
has to tolerate an ever-greater number of a**idiots.a**
Jobim, a PMDB leader, made the comments at an 80th birthday celebration
for former President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, a figurehead of the main
opposition party. Jobim served as Cardoso's justice minister in the 1990s.
Jobim also lauded Cardoso for a**never raising his voice toward anyonea**
and a**never creating tension among his advisersa**, which many observers
interpreted as a direct criticism of Rousseff, who has a reputation for
dressing down subordinates in a loud and public fashion.
After a long meeting with Rousseff on Friday, Jobim said his comments were
misinterpreted, and that the a**idiotsa** were journalists who disparaged
Jobim who also opposes declassifying documents from the time of the
military dictatorship is apparently wishing to retire from government but
has opted to remain in the job in part because his resignation could
provoke an even greater crisis between Rousseff and the PMDB, the largest
party in the ruling coalition.
Dilma expresA^3 su preocupaciA^3n por las invasiones a los brasiguayos,
5 de Julio de 2011 00:00
El ministro de Relaciones Exteriores, Jorge Lara Castro, admitiA^3 ayer la
preocupaciA^3n del Gobierno del Brasil sobre la situaciA^3n de brasiguayos
del Alto ParanA!, manifestada por la mandataria brasileA+-a Dilma Rousseff
al presidente Fernando Lugo en la reuniA^3n del Mercosur.
Lara Castro dijo que la preocupaciA^3n de los denominados brasiguayos es
la falta de titularidad de la propiedad. SeA+-alA^3 que hay personas que
habAan adquirido las tierras en el Alto ParanA! de buena fe, pero que los
tAtulos no estA!n regularizados. a**Se estA! haciendo el esfuerzo
simultA!neamente para zanjar esa situaciA^3na**, declarA^3 ayer a radio
Primero de Marzo.
Se le indicA^3 que se percibe que los invasores de propiedades de
brasiguayos, denominados campesinos sin tierra, cuentan con la
protecciA^3n del Gobierno, puesto que se les estarAa proveyendo de
alimento, ropas, extensiA^3n elA(c)ctrica, entre otras cosas, asA como
tambiA(c)n protecciA^3n polAtica de algunas autoridades. a**La idea del
Gobierno no es proteger a los invasores, sino tratar precisamente de ir
resolviendo estos problemas que hemos heredadoa**, dijo.
Preguntado sobre quA(c) harA! la CancillerAa al respecto, puesto que la
presidenta del Brasil, Dilma Rousseff, manifestA^3 su preocupaciA^3n al
presidente Fernando Lugo, en ocasiA^3n de una reuniA^3n bilateral que
mantuvieron la semana pasada en medio de la XLI Cumbre del Mercosur. a**Lo
que pasa a nivel de ambos gobiernos y ambas cancillerAas, en primer lugar,
es ponerse de acuerdo si se coincide en puntos fundamentales, y en ese
sentido hay todo un proceso que se iniciA^3 a los efectos de ir
resolviendo estos problemasa**, respondiA^3.
a**Estuve presentea**, dijo Lara Castro
Preguntado sobre si se enterA^3 de la preocupaciA^3n de la presidenta
Dilma Rousseff sobre el acoso e invasiones que sufren los brasiguayos en
el Alto ParanA!, Lara Castro dijo que A(c)l estuvo presente en la
reuniA^3n de Lugo y Dilma, el pasado miA(c)rcoles en uno de los salones
del Centro de Convenciones de la Conmebol. a**Yo estuve presentea**,
manifestA^3 Lara Castro.
AgregA^3 que asA como las autoridades del Brasil tienen preocupaciones con
Paraguay, tambiA(c)n nuestro paAs tiene preocupaciones sobre algunos temas
con el Brasil. MencionA^3 el tema energA(c)tico.
Seguidamente dijo que la CancillerAa y la Presidencia de la RepA-oblica
tienen toda la voluntad polAtica para avanzar en la bA-osqueda de
soluciA^3n a la situaciA^3n planteada. a**Cada quien define sus
coincidencias a nivel de CancillerAa, a nivel de Presidencia y bueno, lo
que hacen es sumar esfuerzos para trabajar y de convencer a otros sectores
que muchas veces tienen otra posiciA^3na**, puntualizA^3.
ProhAben cosechar la producciA^3n
En la vAspera se informA^3 que en A*acunday, Alto ParanA!, supuestos
campesinos sin tierra provenientes del departamento de San Pedro
impusieron la prohibiciA^3n de iniciar las tareas de cosecha a los
productores brasiguayos de la zona. Los colonos estA!n desesperados,
porque temen perder la cosecha, lo que significa la imposibilidad de pagar
deudas contraAdas con bancos y cooperativas para financiar el cultivo de
soja. Los productores afectados por esa situaciA^3n solicitaron
intervenciA^3n del Ministerio PA-oblico y la PolicAa Nacional, exigiendo
protecciA^3n de sus propiedades y cultivos. Si no hay respuesta de parte
de los citados organismos, comunicaron que en diez dAas se organizarA!n
para recuperar sus propiedades invadidas.
Brazil finmin says will continue to act to curb FX overvaluation
LONDON, July 5 | Tue Jul 5, 2011 7:31am EDT
(Reuters) - Brazil will continue to act to restrain the strength of its
currency with intervention in the futures and derivatives markets among
its possible options, said the country's finance minister on Tuesday.
"The government will continue to take measures to contain the
overvaluation of exchange rate...We've taken measures on reserve
requirements, we can take measures on derivative and futures. But these
are not measures we will pre-announce," Guido Mantega told reporters in
London, via a translator.
Speaking at the sidelines of an investor conference, Mantega also said no
credit and capital market bubbles were forming in Latin America's
largesteconomy despite its robust expansion.
"As far as inflation is concerned, the rate is decreasing. All indicators
point to the deceleration of inflation. Next month, inflation will be
lower because commodity (prices) are lower, fuel and gasoline prices are
lower," he said.
Brazil's real closed on Monday at its strongest level against the dollar
in 12 years with inflows from Asia reportedly boosting the currency.
"We have always taken measures to adjust growth to our potential...If
necessary the central bank will keep raising interest rates but that's the
decision of the central bank," Mantega added.
The minister said the economy was on track for growth of 4.5 percent --
higher than the 4.0 percent forecast by the central bank and analysts'
forecast of 3.94 percent.
Mantega also said that the country had achieved more than half of its
primary surplus target this year and that the government's reform agenda
included reducing investments taxes. (Reporting bySebastian Tong, editing
by Natsuko Waki)
Chinese capital eyes Brazil's high-tech sector
By Tuo Yannan (China Daily)
Updated: 2011-07-05 07:10
RIO DE JANEIRO - China will invest $4.5 billion in Brazil's technology
sector this year, as Chinese investment in the Latin American country
shifts from agriculture and mining.
Chinese investment is expected to hit $9 billion this year, with half of
it going into high-tech industries, Alessandro Teixeira, deputy minister
of Brazil's Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade, told
China has been Brazil's biggest trading partner since 2009, a position
previously held by the United States.
Cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) from China to Brazil reached
$12.67 billion by the end of 2009, according to Banco Bradesco SA, one of
Brazil's biggest banks, with agriculture and mining each receiving about
Brazil has been urging Chinese companies to invest in non-raw material
sectors to help balance its economy.
Teixeira said that Brazil has banned farming businesses established solely
through foreign investment. The government in Brazil welcomes Chinese
companies cooperating with Brazilian partners in producing agricultural
products, such as soybean oil, he said.
"That is the kind of partnership that China and Brazil are looking forward
In 2008, Zhejiang Fudi Agriculture Group and the agricultural bureau of
Heilongjiang province invested $158.4 million to form a joint venture with
a Brazilian partner to grow soybean, according to the department of
commerce in Zhejiang province. The company built two farms, in the north
and south of Brazil, with a total area of 166.37 hectares.
China and Brazil regard each other as key partners in their global
Brazil accounts for 40 percent of Latin America's economy and Teixeira
predicted that this will rise to 50 percent in the next 10 years.
Trade between the two countries has increased dramatically during the last
decade, surging 16-fold between 2001 to 2010.
"Seventy percent of the trade between Brazil and China is basically
commodities," Teixeira explained. "But we are keen to improve commercial
relations in medium and high-end technology."
China's investment in Brazil was less than $300 million in 2009, but
skyrocketed to $17 billion in 2010, making China the largest foreign
investor in Brazil.
Teixeira said the Brazilian government has reached an agreement with China
to foster FDI in the high-tech sector.
"The trend is that China will invest more in the technology sector,"
Marcos Almeida, a partner at Ernst & Young Terco, told China Daily.
Chinese companies, such as telecom equipment makers ZTE and Huawei
Technologies Co, have invested heavily in Brazil in recent years.
ZTE has set up an industrial park in Hortolandia, close to Sao Paulo. The
company recorded $600 million in sales revenue last year and is expected
to reach $1 billion this year.
"The Brazil market accounts for about 9 percent of ZTE's overseas revenue.
The country is crucial for our company's development in Latin America,"
Yuan Lie, president of ZTE South America Region, told China Daily.
Products from the industrial park will be shipped to other Latin America
countries, he said.
Zhuhai Gree Electric Appliances Inc was one of the first Chinese companies
to enter the Brazilian market in 1998 and now ranks fourth there. It
invested $2 million to build a manufacturing plant in 1999, with an annual
output of 300,000 units. Gree sold 400,000 air conditioners in Brazil last
year and plans to double the number this year while competing with
international brands such as LG Electronics Inc.
Teixeira said both Brazil and China need to gain more experience in
"We need to join together as strategic partners to enter new markets."
04/07/2011 - 14:32
Poultry exports reach US$ 4 billion
Revenues from foreign sales grew by 28.5% in the first half. The volume
shipped increased by 6.8%. The Middle East remained the leading market.
From the Newsroom*
SA-L-o Paulo a** Brazilian poultry exports reached nearly US$ 4 billion in
the first half, an increase of 28.5% compared with the same period of last
year. Approximately 2 million tonnes were shipped, a 6.8% increase using
the same basis of comparison. The information was disclosed this
Monday (4th) by the Brazilian Poultry Union (Ubabef, in the Portuguese
According to a statement issued by the Ubabef, its CEO, Francisco Turra,
claimed that the growth could have been greater, if it were not for the
depreciation of the dollar against the real (Brazilian currency), which
theoretically makes Brazilian products more expensive abroad.
a**The truth of the matter is that we could have had even stronger growth,
due to increased international market demand. However, we are losing
competitiveness by the hour. Thus, we maintain our growth forecast of
between 3% and 5% in shipments [in 2011],a** said the executive, according
to the statement.
The Middle East remained the leading target region for Brazilian exports.
Revenues from sales to the region totalled US$ 1.36 billion, an increase
of 31.7% over the first quarter of 2010. A total of 718,000 tonnes were
shipped, growth of 8.6% using the same basis of comparison.
Asia ranked second among the target markets for Brazilian products,
followed by the European Union, Africa, the Americas and non-EU European
Hoje A s 09h46 - Atualizada hoje A s 09h48
Hyundai instalarA! no Rio de Janeiro primeira fA!brica fora da A*sia
No empreendimento, que deve ficar pronto em 2012, serA-L-o investidos US$ 150
A Hyundai Heavy Industries vai instalar em Itatiaia, no Sul Fluminense,
sua primeira fA!brica fora da A*sia. QuestAues como o grande investimento
em infraestrutura, logAstica favorA!vel e a visibilidade conferida pela
Copa de 2014 e os Jogos OlAmpicos de 2016 favoreceram a escolha da empresa
pelo Rio de Janeiro, que saiu A frente de Minas Gerais e EspArito Santo.
A unidade, instalada numa A!rea de 550 mil metros quadrados prA^3ximo ao
quilA'metro 316 da Rodovia Presidente Dutra, produzirA!, por ano, atA(c)
cinco milmA!quinas para construAS:A-L-o pesada e contarA! ainda com um
centro de treinamento de mA-L-o-de-obra. A previsA-L-o A(c) que a fA!brica
seja concluAda no fim de 2012 e gere 1.500 empregos diretos atA(c) 2015,
quando atingirA! o pico de operaAS:A-L-o.
A Hyundai negocia a instalaAS:A-L-o de fornecedores coreanos na regiA-L-o.
No empreendimento, que conta com o apoio da Companhia de Desenvolvimento
Industrial do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Codin) e terA! a Brasil MA!quinas
como sA^3cia minoritA!ria, serA-L-o investidos US$ 150 milhAues. Com a
parceria, a parcela brasileira na receita total do grupo saltarA! de 6%
para 20%. Apesar de o Brasil representar o quarto mercado consumidor da
Hyundai a** atrA!s de China, RA-ossia e Estados Unidos a** 40% do total da
produAS:A-L-o serA-L-o exportados, principalmente para paAses das
AmA(c)ricas Central, do Norte e do Sul.
Segundo o vice-governador e secretA!rio de obras, Luiz Fernando PezA-L-o,
que articulou a negociaAS:A-L-o, o alinhamento polAtico entre as trA-as
esferas de governo possibilita a implementaAS:A-L-o de diversos projetos e
investimentos, alA(c)m de melhorar a eficiA-ancia dagestA-L-o pA-oblica.
"Nosso governo trabalha diuturnamente para promover negA^3cios e
desenvolver a economia do Estado. Vivemos um momento histA^3rico, de
transformaAS:A-L-o. Essa conjuntura A(c) reflexo da desburocratizaAS:A-L-o
e do esforAS:o da administraAS:A-L-o estadual em dar mais eficA!cia e
transparA-ancia A gestA-L-o. Conseguimos racionalizar e diminuir o tempo
para a abertura de empresas, alA(c)m de descentralizar o processo para o
interior, aumentando significativamente o nA-omero de empresas abertas no
Rio nos A-oltimos anos. A Hyundai A(c) uma delas", afirma PezA-L-o.
Para Alexandre Germano, do Conselho de AdministraAS:A-L-o da Brasil
MA!quinas, a localizaAS:A-L-o estratA(c)gica do Rio foi fundamental para a
instalaAS:A-L-o da unidade no Estado. "Os empresA!rios estrangeiros tA-am
uma visA-L-o muito positiva sobre o Rio de Janeiro e perceberam que o
cenA!rio A(c) favorA!vel para grandes investimentos. A Hyundai jA! estA!
presente no Estado na construAS:A-L-o de estaleiros no Porto do AAS:u, em
parceria com Eike Batista, e tem grande interesse em expandir seus
negA^3cios", afirma Germano.
Today at 9:46 a.m. - Updated today at 9:48 a.m.
Hyundai will install in Rio de Janeiro first plant outside of Asia
In the enterprise, which should be ready in 2012, will invest U.S. $ 150
Hyundai Heavy Industries will install in Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro State in
the South, its first plant outside of Asia. Issues such as the large
investment in infrastructure, favorable logistics and visibility afforded
by the 2014 World Cup and the Olympics in 2016 favored the selection of
the company in Rio de Janeiro, which came ahead of Minas Gerais and
The unit, installed in an area of a**a**550 square meters near the 316 km
from Presidente Dutra highway, will produce per year for up to five
milmA!quinas heavy construction and will also include a center for
manpower training. The factory is expected to be completed in late 2012
and generate 1,500 direct jobs by 2015, when it will peak operation.
Hyundai is negotiating the installation of Korean suppliers in the
region. In the enterprise, which has the support of the Industrial
Development Company of the State of Rio de Janeiro (Codin) and Brazil have
the machines as a minority partner, will invest U.S. $ 150 million. With
the partnership, the Brazilian share in total revenue of the group jumped
from 6% to 20%. Although Brazil is the fourth Hyundai consumer market -
behind China, Russia and the United States - 40% of total production is
exported, mainly to countries of Central, North and South
According to the deputy governor and secretary of works, Luiz Fernando
Bigfoot, who supervised the negotiations, the political alignment between
the three spheres of government enables the implementation of various
projects and investments, and improve the efficiency Dagestan public.
"Our government daily work to promote business and develop the state's
economy. We live a historical moment of transformation. This situation
reflects the bureaucracy and the state government's effort to give more
effective and transparent management. We were able to streamline and
shorten the time to start a business, and to decentralize the process to
the interior, significantly increasing the number of listed companies in
Rio in recent years. Hyundai is one of them, "said Silva.
For Alexandre Germano, the Board of Directors of Brazil machines, the
strategic location of Rio was instrumental in installing the unit in the
state. "Foreign businessmen have a very positive view on the Rio de
Janeiro and realized that the scenario is favorable for large investments.
Hyundai is already present in the state in building shipyards at the Port
of Acu, in partnership with Batista, and has great interest in expanding
their businesses, "said Germano.
Brazil Petrobras Makes Two Oil Finds Off Espirito Santo Coast
By Paul Kiernan
Published July 04, 2011
AO PAULO -(Dow Jones)- Brazil's state-run oil firm Petroleo Brasileiro SA
(PBR, PETR4.BR), or Petrobras, said Monday it has made two oil and
natural gas discoveries off the coast of Espirito Santo state.The finds
were located on the ocean floor, about 1,900 meters under water and 115
kilometers from the coast, Petrobras said in a press release. They were
discovered as a consortium led by Petrobras was drilling at two wells
known as Pe-de-moleque and Quindim.
Petrobas expects oil production in the waters off Espirito Santo to
roughly double by the end of this decade to around
500,000 barrels per day, company officials have said.
05/07/2011 - 08h02
Brasil deu US$ 1,7 mi para militares paraguaios, diz telegrama
Em 2006, o governo brasileiro deu ao ExA(c)rcito do Paraguai uma ajuda de
US$ 1,7 milhA-L-o para que integrasse a missA-L-o de paz no Haiti, segundo
telegrama da Embaixada dos EUA em AssunAS:A-L-o.
O dinheiro foi usado para o conserto de 40 veAculos blindados e a compra
de equipamentos para 30 militares.
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Veja especial sobre os telegramas divulgados pelo Wikileaks
De acordo com documento vazado pelo site WikiLeaks e divulgado pela
agA-ancia PA-oblica, um militar paraguaio contou aos americanos que o
apoio surgiu apA^3s crAticas de polAticos do paAs vizinho em relaAS:A-L-o
ao Mercosul e A Usina de Itaipu.
Para a embaixada, sempre que os paraguaios reclamam dessas questAues, o
Brasil oferece algum dinheiro para "fazA-a-los felizes".
No mesmo ano, os dois paAses fecharam um memorando de entendimento em Nova
York para o envio de uma tropa paraguaia com 30 militares para o Haiti.
Segundo o MinistA(c)rio da Defesa, o acordo existe e desde 2007 o BrasAl
repassa R$ 120 mil por ano para custear os soldados paraguaios que
estA-L-o no Haiti.
Brazil gave $ 1.7 million for Paraguayan military said telegram
In 2006, the Brazilian government gave the Army a Paraguay help of $ 1.7
million to integrate the peacekeeping mission in Haiti,telegram from U.S.
Embassy in Asuncion.
The money was used for the repair of 40 armored vehicles and the purchase
of military equipment to 30.
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See special about the cables released by Wikileaks
According to a document leaked by Wikileaks site and published
by Public Agency, a Paraguayan military told the Americans
thatsupport came after criticism from politicians from the neighboring
country in relation to Mercosur and the Itaipu Dam.
For the embassy, where the Paraguayans claim these issues, Brazil
offers some money to "make them happy."
In the same year, the two countries inked a memorandum of understanding in
New York to send a troop of 30 Paraguayantroops to Haiti.
According to the Ministry of Defence, the agreement exists since
2007 and Brazil passes $ 120 thousand per year to pay for theParaguayan
troops who are in Haiti.